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History of Badminton

Senin, 22 Oktober 2012

Badminton or badminton is a racquet sport played by two people (for singles) or two pairs (for double) are opposite.Similar to tennis, badminton played with players aiming to hit the ball one side of the game ("why" or "shuttlecock") over the net so that the opponent falls in the specified game. He should also try to prevent his opponent did to him.PartyThere are five parties that usually played in badminton. They are:1. Men's singles2. Women's singles3. Men's doubles4. Women's doubles5. Mixed doubles

Since February 1, 2006, the entire party system using "winning two of three sets" (best of three) each won by reaching 21 points in the rally point.Playing badmintonEach player or pair took up positions on both sides of the net in the rectangular area marked on the floor as shown in the diagram.Aim of the game is to hit a shuttlecock racket, skip nets to the area around the restrictions / cedar signed before players can hit the opponent or partner behind. For each time was successfully carried out by the service the team, player or pair penyervis (servers) scored one point. After winning one point, the same player getting it back, and keep getting it as long as they continue to score points. If the team that wins the rally is not getting it, no points scored by them but no change penyervis. In doubles play, the servers start the game, and after losing a rally, the service moved to the other side. From that time forward, both players on a team of alternate service the (meladen) before servicing back pass to their opponent. Players on the right hand side of the service always start the service.
Service territory

Badminton arenaEach player sets between the two service areas. There is a service for single region, namely berlebar 5.18 meters and a length of 13.40 meters. Service area to double the size of 6.10 meters wide and 11.88 meters long. Service territory is divided into two parts. In the middle of the field stood a net / net, which is 1.55 meters high. The lines serve berentang 1.98 meters short of the net. Service box left and right service box separated by a line down the center.Equipment• Rackets: Traditionally racquets were made of wood. Then aluminum or other light metals into the material chosen. Now, almost all professional badminton racket Composition of carbon fiber composite (graphite reinforced plastic). Carbon fiber has great power to weight ratio, stiffness, and gives a great kinetic energy transfer. However, a number of lesser models still use steel or aluminum for some or all of the racket.• How: Why is the ball used in the sport of badminton, made of goose feathers arranged series form an open cone with a hemispherical shaped base made of cork. In practice or game is not officially used also why from pelastik.• Strings: Perhaps one of the most attention in badminton is his strings. Different types of strings have different response characteristics. The durability in general varies with the performance. Most of the 21 size and thickness of the strings strung with a tension of 18 to 30 + lbs. The player's personal preference plays a strong role in the selection string.• Shoes: Since the acceleration along the field is extremely important, the players need maximum grip with the floor at all times. Badminton shoes need a rubber sole for a good grip, reinforced side walls for durability during attraction and deployment of technology shocks for jumping; badminton resulted in quite a lot of stress (tension) in the knee and ankle.• Net: Badminton will never be able to walk without any gear on this one. Net is a divider between the areas of the game player with one another. High net approximately 152 cm and the same for all types of game, whether it is single or double, daughter and son.HistoryThe sport is played with a shuttlecock and a racket, probably evolved in ancient Egypt about 2000 years ago but it has also been mentioned in India and China.Terdininya ancestors thought was a Chinese game, which involves the use Jianzi anyway but without the racket. Instead, the object manipulated by foot. Object / mission of this game is to keep the shuttlecock from touching the ground as long as possible without using hands.In England since medieval times a children's game called Battledores and Shuttlecocks very popular. The children at the time it normally would use a paddle / cane (Battledores) and scheming together to keep the shuttlecock remains in the air and prevent it from touching the ground. It's popular enough to be a daily nuances in the streets of London in 1854 when the magazine Punch published a cartoon for this.Britons took this game to Japan, the People's Republic of China, and Siam (now Thailand) as they colonized Asia. It then quickly became a game the children in their local area.Competitive badminton sport invented by British Army officers in Pune, India in the 19th century when they added a net / net and play a rival. Therefore Pune city formerly known as Poona, the game is also known as Poona at that time.The soldiers brought the game back to England in the 1850s. The sport received its present name in 1860 in a pamphlet by Isaac Spratt, a British toy distributor, entitled "Badminton Battledore - a new game" ("Badminton Battledore - a new game"). It describes the game is played at the House Badminton (Badminton House), the Duke of Beaufort's estate in Gloucestershire, England.The first loop of regulations written by the Bath Badminton Club in 1877. Badminton Association of England was formed in 1893 and staged its first international championship first tooth in 1899 with the All England Championships.Badminton became a popular sport in the world, especially in East and Southeast Asia region, which currently dominate the sport, and in the Scandinavian countries.International Badminton Federation (IBF) was founded in 1934 and recorded the UK, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Denmark, the Netherlands, Canada, New Zealand and France as members of the vanguard. India joined as an affiliate in 1936. In IBF Extraordinary General Meeting in Madrid, Spain, September 2006, the proposal to change the name of the International Badminton Federation to Badminton World Federation (BWF) is accepted unanimously by all 206 delegates present.The sport is a Summer Olympic sport at the 1992 Barcelona Olympics. Indonesia and South Korea shared the each of the two gold medals that year.

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