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Basketball History

Senin, 22 Oktober 2012

Basketball is a ball sport in groups consisting of two teams each playing each other five people who score points by inserting the ball into the opponent's basket. Basketball is perfect to watch because usually played in the gym closed and only requires a relatively small field. Additionally, basketball is easy to learn because it forms a large ball, so it does not complicate the player when bouncing or throwing the ball.Basketball is one sport that is most favored by U.S. citizens and residents in other parts o
f the world, including in South America, Southern Europe, Lithuania, and also in Indonesia.History of basketball as a sport is considered unique because it was created by accident by a gym teacher. In 1891, Dr. James Naismith., A sports teacher from Canada who teaches at a college for professional students at the YMCA (a Christian youth container) in Springfield, Massachusetts, to make a game in an enclosed space to fill time students during winter break New England.Terinspirasi of the game he had played as a child in Ontario, Naismith created the game now known as basketball on December 15, 1891.According to the story, after rejecting several ideas being considered too loud and not suitable to be played in the stadium-arena closed, he then wrote a few basic rules, put a basket on the wall of the gym, and asked his students to start playing the game of his creation.basketball courtsbasketball board sizeOfficial game basketball first, held on January 20, 1892 at work Dr. James Naismith.Basket ball (the term for this sport in English), is a name that was initiated by one of his students. This sport became immediately famous throughout the United States. Fanatical fans placed throughout the branches of the YMCA in the United States. Game by game immediately implemented in cities across the U.S. states.At first, each team of nine people and no dribble, so the ball can only move through the pass (throw). History regulation basketball game begins from 13 basic rules were written solely by James Naismith. The basic rules are as follows.1. The ball may be thrown in any direction by using one or both hands.2. The ball can be hit in any direction by using one or both hands, but should not be beaten using fists (punching).3. Players may not run while holding the ball. The player must throw it from the spot where the ball receives the ball, but if the player is allowed to run at normal speed.4. The ball must be held in or between the hands. Arms or other limbs are not allowed to hold the ball.5. Players are not allowed butting, holding, pushing, hitting, or tackle the opposing players in one way. The first violation of these rules will be counted as an error, a second offense will be liable to disqualification offenders players to the basket ball team entered by the opponent, and if the offense was committed for the purpose of injuring an opponent, then the player will be punished violators should not come into play throughout the game . At this time, no substitutions allowed.6. A mistake was made when the players hit the ball with a fist (punching), in violation of Rules 3 and 4, as well as breaking things mentioned in Rule 5.7. If one party made three consecutive errors, then the error will be counted as a goal for the opponents (consecutive means without the opponents back violation).8. Goal occurs when the ball is thrown or hit from the field into the basket, in this case the players who keep the baskets do not touch or disturb the goal. If the ball stops on the edge of the basket or the opposing player moves the basket, it will not count as a goal.9. If the ball out of the action, the ball will be thrown back in and played by the first player to touch it. In case of disagreement about the ownership of the ball, then wasitlah that will throw it into the field. Pitchers were given 5 seconds to throw the ball in his hands. When he held longer than this time, then the possession of the ball will move. If one party does to postpone the match, the referee can give them a warning infringement.10. The referee has the right to pay attention to the players and the game records the number of violations and notify the referee when a violation helper row. The referee has the full right to disqualify any player who commits an offense in accordance with Rule 5.11. Referee maid noticed the ball and make a decision if the ball is deemed to have off the field, the change of possession of the ball, as well as timing. Referee maid right to determine the legitimacy of a goal and count the number of goals happen.12. When the game is 4 quarters each 10 minutes13. Parties who gets the most goals will be declared the winner.In August 1936, while attending the 1936 Berlin Olympics, he was named as the Honorary President of the International Basketball Federation. Born as a citizen of Canada, he became a citizen of the United States on May 4, 1925.Naismith died 28 November 1939, less than six months after getting married for the second time.

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